What is Public Speaking?

Public Speaking is the art of effective Oral Communication with an audience. It includes any form of speaking (formally and informally) to an audience, including pre-recorded speech delivered over great distance by means of technology.

Types of Public Speaking

What are 4 types of public speaking?

  • Ceremonial Speaking
  • Demonstrative Speaking
  • Informative Speaking
  • Persuasive Speaking

Why is public speaking important?

  • Public speaking skills are useful in every area of life, from personal to professional.
  • Public Speaking allows us to form connections, influence decisions, and motivate change.
  • Effective public speaking skills can also help with career advancement, as they indicate creativity, critical thinking skills & leadership abilities

Objective of Public Speaking:

Public speaking is used for many different purposes. The following are the objectives of public speaking

  • Persuade others
  • Inform others
  • Inspire others
What is Public Speaking?

Public speaking examples

Persuasive presentation:

  • Aim to change audience behavior
  • For example) Sales presentation – Make others buy the product

Informational Presentation:

  • Purpose of this is to educate others
  • For example) Workshop

Inspirational presentation:

  • To emotionally move the audience
  • For example) Award ceremony, motivational speech



Step by Step Procedure to Learn the Art of Public Speaking

Step 1 – Identify your audience:

Audience persona: An individual representation of your entire audience.

Audience identification questions:

  • Who will be attending?
  • Where are they from?
  • What industry are they from?
  • How much do they know about the topic?
  • How do they feel about the topic?

“Audience research is the key when preparing for a presentation”

Outline your speech:

Types of outlines:

  • Descriptive: Breakdown topics into key informational categories
  • Problem/Solution: Focus on audience pain point, the eases the pain (Persuasive sales)
  • Chronological: Move forward or backward in time (Step by Step procedure) – Motivational story
  • Regional: outline talk by area – Inspirational

Find your story:

“Let me tell you a story”

Story formula:

  • Something happens to someone.
  • What’s the story behind numbers?
  • Conflict driven plots: Overcoming an obstacle
  • Evidence of creativity

Step 2 – Prepare for your speech

Warm up:

Vocal warm ups:

  • Get up early & get moving
  • Avoid cold drinks
  • Use your voice before delivering your speech

Presenting later in the day:

  • Save your voice
  • Drink room temperature water
  • Warming up your face
  • Warm up your body

Research the room:

  • Use check list
  • Room dynamics
  • Size & shape of room, number of seats, stage, floor plan

Audience dynamics:

  • Classroom style/boardroom style/rows
  • Equipment- Ask coordinator for availability of equipment’s
  • Say yes to Microphone: Make use of microphone. Test the mike before you talk
  • Audio check

Fear of Public Speaking

Fear of public speaking is a common form of anxiety

Manage pre performance anxiety:

  • Self-awareness techniques can help manage performance anxiety
  • For example) Meditation
  • Arrive early and meet up the audience
  • Watch your body posture – Use the one that control your nervous


  • Make your rehearsal as realistic as possible
  • Rehearse in actual cloths
  • Get an audience for rehearsal
  • Record yourself
  • Listen to yourself
  • Rehearse in real time
  • Rehearse at same time

Step 3 – Open:

Develop Credibility

  • How do you quickly develop personal credibility?
  • Build credibility by demonstrating confidence and competence


  • Dress appropriately
  • Use non-verbal skills (Look at audience and smile)
  • Sound confident (Bold clear, strong)


  • Find a few key details in your background that relate to your subject matter

Explore five strong openings:

Cold opening techniques:

  • Ask an open-ended question
  • Begin with a story
  • Begin with a bold statement
  • Tell the audience to imagine something
  • Begin with hard evidence (Fact quote) – Risky so check credibility

Introduce your agenda: Before presentation

Agenda topics:

  • Purpose
  • What will be discussed
  • Who will be participating?
  • How long will last?

Avoid common opening mistakes:

  • Starting with complement
  • Clearing throat
  • Highlighting technical & personal insecurities

Step 4 – Deliver:

Develop vocal variety:

  • Vary your volume, dynamic range pattern
  • Consider your emotional tone

Reduce the use of crutch words

  • Filler words become a problem when you overuse them
  • Example) Huh, well, like

Practice great body language:

Emotionally connect with the words you are saying and strong body language will follow

  • Warm up
  • Adopt a confident posture
  • Avoid doing anything that distracts
  • Record & watch your performance

Use props & Visual aids:


  • For demonstration- Slide, Charts
  • Dramatic effect – Excitement
  • Rehearse with prop

Anticipate tech mishaps:

Tips to handle technology failure

  • Over prepare
  • Know your presentation well
  • Get your audience involved in the problem

Step 5 – Close:

Handle Q & A

  • Let your audience know how you’ll handle Q & A
  • Example) Announce that at the end
  • Hold your Q & A near the end but not at the end.
  • Keep your answer brief
  • Last words should be yours

Explore strong ways to close

Closing techniques:

  • Title close (Restate or reframe from title)
  • Close with summary – Key takeaways
  • Close with quote – Use a quote to summarize the main idea

Get Feedback: Feedback is a gift

  • Indications of helpful feedback – Take note
  • Truthfulness, honest – To improve
  • Specificity
  • Don’t waste time worrying about negative feedback


Like any other skills Public Speaking is also a learnable skill. By following the above steps anybody can master the Art of Public Speaking.


About the author


Writing is my Niche with which I like to share my thoughts and values. I believe words are the most powerful tool which can even Start/Stop a War. By using Motivating & Positive words, we can inspire others. By using Harsh words, we can hurt others. As it is proven Scientifically (Newton's Law) & Spiritually (Karma), "For every action, there is an equal & Opposite Reaction." So, Stop Hatred & Start Spreading love.

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